By: Adi Prasetijo & Pia Buschman (2014) – Indonesia Center for Sustainable Development
Within the region of South-east Asia, Indonesia is one of the most vulnerable countries to multiple climate change hazards like drought, floods, sea-level rise and landslide. These aspects of a warming climate will have a negative impact on food security, water resources, coastal areas, forests, marine biodiversity, farming and coastal livelihoods, and health, disproportionally affecting the poorest Indonesians. Climate change has a strong influence on the economic development of Indonesia, representing the highest potential cost to the economy in a long-term perspective. By the end of the century these costs mount up to annual losses of between 2.5 and 7.0 percent of GDP. Generating almost 10 percent of the total sum of the world’s greenhouse gases, Indonesia represents the second largest greenhouse gas emitter among developing countries in the region and one of the world’s leading emitters. The main sources of the Indonesian emissions represent illegal logging, forest fires, and peatland degradation (World Bank, 2009).
by Adi Prasetijo & Ratna Amini, Paper for IPA Conference -2010
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) issues have a very massive growth in Indonesia. This can be seen with the Law No.40/2007 Law 40/2009 regarding limited company liability on social responsibility and the environment. This law has pro and contra on the implications. However, irrespective of the fact that it is important to get attention are how CSR programs that are run by many companies not only as a sticker, but the program can be significant, both for the company as well as targets of the program itself. The costs that incurred become useless if the outcome not measured. Even the benefit of the program is not optimal and sustainable. Continue reading “Sustainable Livelihood Approach in Corporate Social Responsibility”→
Sarolangun, Jambi. Driving the beat-up motorcycle that he bought five years ago, Tumenggung Tarib stretched out an arm to point out columns of palm oil trees on the side of the paved road leading to his house in the Air Hitam area. As he spoke, his voice was tinged with disappointment.
Conflict Potencies in Extractive Industries
Extractive activities represent tremendous possibility for local and national economic growth. This possibility is particularly profound when one considers that the majority of future mineral, oil, and gas reserves are located in developing countries – and often in the most remote and poor areas of these countries. But in other cases possibility the potential conflict is in place.
Kofi Annan said companies in the extractive industries are on the front lines. Time and again in recent years, the exploitation of natural resources such as oil, timber and diamonds has fueled conflict and generated corruption, exacting a heavy toll in lives and undermining faith in public administration (Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary General) (2005).
Therefore we need an understanding of mitigation to the potential conflict from the beginning and use the tools that will be used for the analysis and resolution. Above. it is a simple matrix chart about potential conflicts faced, mitigation and tools used.
Social risk assessment is part of risk management in way to understand the risk that comes out from social environmental. Social risks arise from the dissatisfaction and grievances of external community and stakeholders that arise the conflict. The different perception and culture to understand each party in some points arise the conflict between them. Failure to manage these issues can have enormous economic costs, significantly damage the reputations of organisations involved and even put entire investments at risk.
West Kalimantan plays a significant role in the history of ethnic conflicts in Indonesia which causes communal violence. Based upon UNSFIR (The United Nations Support Facility for Indonesian Recovery) research on communal violence in Indonesia between 1990-2003, West Kalimantan rank on third place (After North Maluku and Maluku) with the death toll of 1.151 lives out of 11.160 victims who died of communal violence or around 13, 6% from the total death count. The largest contribution on west Kalimantan’s communal violence victims happens on the Dayak-Melayu and Maduranese ethnic conflicts in 1996-1997. Interestingly, the large effect that it gives it happens only in a contain incidence. UNSFIR notes there are only 78 cases of communal violence or just 1.8% of all 4.270 conflict cases that happens in Indonesia. This shows, though rare and short, the damage that it causes are extensive. What has happened caused such significant impact on the people of West Kalimantan, trauma of violence, refugee, lost of belongings, and community disintegration? In those events at least 20.000 people seeks asylum migrating away from their home out of the conflicting area.